Jackson, John Hughlings

Jackson, John Hughlings
SUBJECT AREA: Medical technology
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b. 4 April 1835 Providence Green, Yorkshire, England
d. 7 October 1911 London, England
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English neurologist and neurophysiologist, discoverer of Jacksonian epilepsy and the neurological basis of speech defects; pioneer of the technique of the localization of the site of cerebral disease.
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Jackson studied medicine at York and at St Bartholomew's Hospital, qualifying in 1856. For a while he practised in York and was dissuaded from abandoning medicine for philosophy by Jonathan Hutchinson. Upon his return to London, he was appointed Assistant Physician and later, in 1874, Physician to the London Hospital. He was also on the staff of Moorfields Eye Hospital and in 1874 was appointed to the National Hospital for the Paralysed and Epileptic in Queen's Square. It was particularly in connection with his association with cases at the latter that he was able to establish the association of designated areas of the brain with specific limbs and functions. He acknowledged that in the field of speech the work of Broca had shown the way.
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Principal Honours and Distinctions
FRS 1878. Gulstonian Lecturer and Croonian Lecturer, College of Physicians.
Bibliography
1869, Certain Points on the Study and Classification of Diseases of the Nervous System.
1884, Evolution and Dissolution of the Nervous System.
1931–32, Selected Writings (ed. J.Taylor et al.).
MG

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

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  • Jackson , John Hughlings — (1835–1911) British neurologist Jackson was born at Green Hammerton in England and educated at York Hospital and St. Bartholomew s Hospital, London. He received his MD from St. Andrews University in 1860. He served on the staff of the London… …   Scientists

  • Jackson, John Hughlings — born April 4, 1835, Green Hammerton, Yorkshire, Eng. died Oct. 7, 1911, London British neurologist. He showed that most right handed persons with aphasia had disease on the left side of the brain, confirming Paul Broca s findings. In 1863 he… …   Universalium

  • Jackson, John Hughlings — (4 abr. 1835, Green Hammerton, Yorkshire, Inglaterra–7 oct. 1911, Londres). Neurólogo británico. Demostró que la mayoría de las personas diestras con afasia tenían afectado el lado izquierdo del cerebro, confirmando los hallazgos de Paul Broca.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • John Hughlings Jackson — (* 4. April 1835 in Green Hammerton, Yorkshire (jetzt North Yorkshire); † 7. Oktober 1911 in London) war ein englischer Neurologe. Von besonderer Bedeutung waren seine Forschungen auf den Gebieten der Epilepsie und der Aphasie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Hughlings Jackson — portrait de John Hughlings Jackson John Hughlings Jackson (1835 1911) est un neurologue britannique qui décrivit le fonctionnement neurologique et cérébral sous une forme hiérarchique : les niveaux inférieurs voient leurs fonctions se… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John Hughlings Jackson — Infobox Scientist name = John Hughlings Jackson box width = image width =260px caption = Bust of John Hughlings Jackson, resident in the Institute of Neurology, London birth date = March 4, 1835 birth place = Providence Green, Green Hammerton,… …   Wikipedia

  • Hughlings Jackson — John Hughlings Jackson portrait de John Hughlings Jackson John Hughlings Jackson (1835 1911) est un neurologue britannique qui décrivit le fonctionnement neurologique et cérébral sous une forme hiérarchique : les niveaux inférieurs voient… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • JACKSON (J. H.) — JACKSON JOHN HUGHLINGS (1835 1911) Né dans un canton du Yorkshire où son père avait une petite propriété, John Hughlings Jackson commença, à dix sept ans, ses études de médecine à York, dans l’école où professait Thomas Leycock. Auprès de lui, il …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Jackson — hace referencia a los siguientes topónimos: ● Jackson (Mississippi): Capital estadounidense del estado de Mississippi (estado). También es un apellido de origen europeo: ● Andrew Jackson: Célebre presidente demócrata estadounidense (1829 1837). ● …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jackson — /jak seuhn/, n. 1. Andrew ( Old Hickory ), 1767 1845, U.S. general: 7th president of the U.S. 1829 37. 2. Lady Barbara. See Ward, Barbara. 3. Helen Hunt (Helen Maria Fiske), 1830 85, U.S. novelist and poet. 4. Jesse L(ouis), born 1941, U.S.… …   Universalium

  • john — /jon/, n. Slang. 1. a toilet or bathroom. 2. (sometimes cap.) a fellow; guy. 3. (sometimes cap.) a prostitute s customer. [generic use of the proper name] * * * I known as John Lackland born Dec. 24, 1167, Oxford, Eng. died Oct. 18/19, 1216,… …   Universalium

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